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On-the-Job Training in Vocational Rehabilitation: The Basics – Factsheet

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Key Facts:

Fact 1:

On-the-job training (OJT) is a hands-on method of fostering skill development, knowledge, and job specific competencies needed for people with disabilities to perform a specific job within the workplace.

Fact 2:

OJT uses people currently employed in the workplace, existing work tools, and resources to promote skill acquisition.

Fact 3:

Training takes place within the actual job setting and may occur while the individual performs actual work.

Fact 4:

Typically, individuals with disabilities get paid while participating in OJT.

Fact 5:

OJT introduces individuals to the culture and performance expectations of the work environment.

Fact 6:

Despite being an effective method of helping individuals with disabilities obtain employment, OJT is one of the least used interventions to promote employment.
Research in vocational rehabilitation has found that individuals who participate in OJT are one and a half to two times more likely to obtain employment.

Recommended Readings:

  • How On-the-Job Training Brings You Value
  • Ahonle, Z.J., Barnes, M., Romero, S., Sorrels, A.M., & Brooks, G.I. (2020). State-Federal vocational rehabilitation in traumatic brain injury: What predictors are associated with employment outcomes? Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 63(3), 143-155.
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